The Natural History Volume 4

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(4.8 stars; 4 reviews)

Naturalis Historia (Latin for "Natural History") is an encyclopedia published circa AD 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. It is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny. The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The scheme of his great work is vast and comprehensive, being nothing short of an encyclopedia of learning and of art so far as they are connected with nature or draw their materials from nature. The work divides neatly into the organic world of plants and animals, and the realm of inorganic matter, although there are frequent digressions in each section. He is especially interested in not just describing the occurrence of plants, animals and insects, but also their exploitation (or abuse) by man, especially Romans. The description of metals and minerals is particularly detailed, and valuable for the history of science as being the most extensive compilation still available from the ancient world. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Leni)

This fourth volume includes books sixteen to twenty, covering the following subjects:

Book 16 - The natural history of the forest trees
Book 17 - The natural history of the cultivated trees
Book 18 - The natural history of grain
Book 19 - The nature and cultivation of flax and an account of various garden plants
Book 20 - Remedies derived from the garden plants
Volume 1 of this work can be found here
Volume 2 of this work can be found here
Volume 3 of this work can be found here (16 hr 27 min)


01 - Book 16, Chapters 1-7:Countries that have no trees; wonders connected with… 14:41 Read by Arnie Horton
02 - Book 16, Chapters 8-15:The other acorns; wood for fuel; the gall-nut; othe… 17:51 Read by Arnie Horton
03 - Book 16, Chapters 16-23:The pine; the pinaster; the peach-tree; the fir; t… 17:10 Read by Steve Mattingly
04 - Book 16, Chapters 24-38:Trees the wood of which is highly valued; four var… 24:47 Read by Steve Mattingly
05 - Book 16, Chapters 39-50:The natural order of the production of plants; tre… 18:48 Read by Chiquito Crasto
06 - Book 16, Chapters 51-61:Which trees become old with the greatest rapidity;… 19:37 Read by Chiquito Crasto
07 - Book 16, Chapters 62-69:The ivy; twenty varieties of it; the smilax; water… 23:05 Read by Chiquito Crasto
08 - Book 16, Chapters 70-79:Rushes; the elder; the bramble; the juices of tree… 30:33 Read by Chiquito Crasto
09 - Book 16, Chapters 80-95 :Varieties of the teredo; the woods used in buildi… 24:19 Read by Chiquito Crasto
10 - Book 17, Chapters 1-4 :Trees that have been sold at enormous prices; the i… 38:01 Read by Chiquito Crasto
11 - Book 17, Chapters 5-13 :The employment of ashes; manure; crops that tend … 16:14 Read by Chiquito Crasto
12 - Book 17, Chapters 14-19 :Seed-plots; the mode of propagating the elm; the … 20:02 Read by Chiquito Crasto
13 - Book 17, Chapters 20-28:Trees which grow but slowly; trees propagated from… 23:07 Read by Chiquito Crasto
14 - Book 17, Chapters 29-34:The cultivation of the olive; cleaning and baring … 19:44 Read by Chiquito Crasto
15 - Book 17, Chapter 35:The culture of the vine 48:13 Read by Chiquito Crasto
16 - Book 17, Chapters 36-39 :How grapes are protected; the diseases of trees; … 26:37 Read by Abe Nemon
17 - Book 17, Chapters 40-47:Methods of irrigation; remarkable facts connected … 15:10 Read by Mary J
18 - Book 18, Chapters 1-7:Taste of the ancients for agriculture; the first wre… 33:15 Read by Leni
19 - Book 18, Chapters 8-17 :Maxims of the ancients on agriculture; the differe… 29:39 Read by Leni
20 - Book 18, Chapters 18-29:Barley; arinca and other kinds of grain; winter wh… 25:54 Read by Mich_elle
21 - Book 18, Chapters 30-45:Leguminous plants; the bean; the chick-peas; the k… 26:22 Read by Mary J
22 - Book 18, Chapters 46-53:Crops sown in different soils; cultivations by var… 19:06 Read by Mary J
23 - Book 18, Chapters 54-66:How to acertain the quality of seed; how much grai… 34:18 Read by Mary J
24 - Book 18, Chapters 67-71:Work for spring; hay-making; the summer solstice; … 32:10 Read by MaryAnn
25 - Book 18, Chapters 72-77:The harvest; the methods of storing corn; the vint… 31:49 Read by Anna Simon
26 - Book 18, Chapters 78-90:Prognostic derived from the sun; prognostics deriv… 20:41 Read by Anna Simon
27 - Book 19, Chapters 1-9:The nature of flax; how flax is sown; principal vari… 24:42 Read by MaryAnn
28 - Book 19, Chapters 10-21:The bulb eriophorus; misy; geranion; maspetum; mag… 24:14 Read by MaryAnn
29 - Book 19, Chapters 22-31:Twenty different plants that grow in garden; cucum… 28:32 Read by MaryAnn
30 - Book 19, Chapters 32-40:Varieties of the onion; the leek; garlic; growth o… 29:53 Read by Ramon Escamilla
31 - Book 19, Chapters 41-52:Cabbages; wild and cultivated asparagus; thistles;… 23:24 Read by Nick Hillier
32 - Book 19, Chapters 53-62:The poppy; wild thyme; the maladies of garden plan… 16:35 Read by Mich_elle
33 - Book 20, Chapters 1-14:Introduction; remedies made from the wild cucumber;… 23:01 Read by MaryAnn
34 - Book 20, Chapters 15-29:Remedies made from the wild parsnip; gingidion; th… 25:57 Read by Amy
35 - Book 20, Chapters 30-45:Remedies made from cichorium; seris; the cabbage; … 25:56 Read by Amy
36 - Book 20, Chapters 46-55:Remedies made from olusatrum; ocimum; rocket; nast… 29:11 Read by Anna Simon
37 - Book 20, Chapters 56-73:Remedies made from nep; cummin; ammi; caper; lovag… 28:51 Read by Chiquito Crasto
38 - Book 20, Chapters 74-86:Remedies made from dill; white and black poppy; th… 30:36 Read by Chiquito Crasto
39 - Book 20, Chapters 87-100:Remedies made from mustard; marrubium; wild thyme… 25:09 Read by Mich_elle


(5 stars)

Amazing comprehensive work pretty much detailing what they knew in the 1st century.