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An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

Gelesen von LibriVox Volunteers

(3,7 Sterne; 5 Bewertungen)

Jeremy Bentham's Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, a classic text in modern philosophy and jurisprudence, first published in 1789, focuses on the principle of utility and how this view of morality ties into legislative practices. Bentham's ambition in life was to create a complete Utilitarian code of law. The philosophy of utilitarianism argues that the right act or policy is that which would cause "the greatest good for the greatest number of people", also known as "the greatest happiness principle", or the principle of utility.

Bentham's principle of utility regards "good" as that which produces the greatest amount of pleasure, and the minimum amount of pain; and "evil" as that which produces the most pain without the pleasure. This concept of pleasure and pain is defined by Bentham as physical as well as spiritual. Bentham writes about this principle as it manifests itself within the legislation of a society. He lays down a set of criteria for measuring the extent of pain or pleasure that a certain decision will create.

Bentham argues that certain unnecessary laws and punishments could ultimately lead to new and more dangerous vices than those being punished to begin with. He is of opinion that the concept of the individual pursuing his or her own happiness cannot be necessarily declared "right", because often these individual pursuits can lead to greater pain and less pleasure for the society as a whole. Therefore, the legislation of a society is vital to maintaining a society with optimum pleasure and the minimum degree of pain for the greatest amount of people. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia)

Meta-Coordinator/Cataloging: Jc Guan & Anna Simon (14 hr 34 min)


00 - Preface


Read by Jc Guan

01 - Chapter 1: Of the Principle of Utility


Read by Claude Banta

02 - Chapter 2: Of Principles Adverse to that of Utility


Read by Anna Simon

03 - Chapter 3: Of the Four Sanctions or Sources of Pain and Pleasure


Read by Ruth Golding

04 - Chapter 4: Value of a Lot of Pleasure, How to be Measured


Read by skoval

05 - Chapter 5: Pleasures and Pains, Their Kinds


Read by Ruth Golding

06a - Chapter 6, part a: Of Circumstances Influencing Sensibility


Read by Jc Guan

06b - Chapter 6, part b: Of Circumstances Influencing Sensibility


Read by Jc Guan

07 - Chapter 7: Of Human Actions in General


Read by gogoblue

08 - Chapter 8: Of Intentionality


Read by Jc Guan

09 - Chapter 9: Of Consciousness


Read by Jc Guan

10a - Chapter 10, part a: Of Motives


Read by Jc Guan

10b - Chapter 10, part b: Of Motives


Read by Jc Guan

10c - Chapter 10, part c: Of Motives


Read by Jc Guan

11 - Chapter 11: Of Human Dispositions in General


Read by Aringguth

12 - Chapter 12: Of the Consequences of a Mischievous Act


Read by Claude Banta

13 - Chapter 13: Of Cases Unmeet for Punishment


Read by Gary Gilberd

14 - Chapter 14: Of the Proportion Between Punishments and Offences


Read by Sean Michael Hogan

15 - Chapter 15: Of the Properties to be Given to a Lot of Punishment


Read by Anna Simon

16-1 - Chapter 16, paragraph 1: Classes of Offences


Read by lucidish

16-2a - Chapter 16, paragraph 2, part a: Divisions and sub-divisions


Read by lucidish

16-2b - Chapter 16, paragraph 2, part b: Divisions and sub-divisions


Read by Anna Simon

16-3a - Chapter 16, paragraph 3, part a: Genera of Class I


Read by Ruth Golding

16-3b - Chapter 16, paragraph 3, part b: Genera of Class I


Read by Annise

16-3c - Chapter 16, paragraph 3, part c: Genera of Class I


Read by Ruth Golding

16-3d - Chapter 16, paragraph 3, part d: Genera of Class I


Read by Annise

16-4 - Chapter 16, paragraph 4: Advantages of the present method


Read by Anna Simon

16-5 - Chapter 16, paragraph 5: Characters of the five classes


Read by May Low

17 - Chapter 17: Of the Limits of the Penal Branch of Jurisprudence


Read by May Low