Oscar Browning

Guelphs and Ghibellines: A Short History of Mediaeval Italy from 1250-1409


Read by Pamela Nagami


The High Middle Ages in Italy, 1250-1409, were a time of incessant strife between rival city-states, some the Ghibelline allies of the Holy …

The Age of the Condottieri: A Short History of Mediaeval Italy from 1409-1530


Read by Pamela Nagami


Italy from 1409 to 1530 is synonymous with the Renaissance, but this was also the age of the condottieri, Italian captains of mercenary comp…