Adventures of Philip Marlowe - Single Episodes


(4.6 stars; 89 reviews)

ADVENTURES OF PHILIP MARLOWE

Elements of mystery have always been represented in literature, but the detective story didn't arrive on the scene until the mid 1800's. Edgar Allan Poe's The Murders in the Rue Morgue, published in 1841, was the first. The Murder's main character, C. Auguste Dupin, was a brilliant detective who relied on superior deductive powers to solve the crime. He and his unnamed narrator companion solved this and two other mysteries. Later in the 19th century Sir Arthur Conan Doyle expanded on Poe's new concept in his Sherlock Holmes stories. Many think that Doyle patterned Holmes and Watson after Dupin and his friend. The Sherlock Holmes stories were wildly popular in England, and after Conan Doyle, the British continued to dominate the detective genre with other detectives who depended on keen observation and deductive logic to solve crimes. These detectives most commonly applied their brilliance to crimes in quaint country houses outside small idyllic villages. Then, in the 1930's and 1940's American writers added a grittier urban element to the detective genre -- the hardboiled detective. As opposed to the typical British detective, the hardboiled detective was generally a cynical loner with a strong sense of justice that wasn't necessarily limited to that provided by the court system. Instead of country houses, these detectives were more likely to be found in shady all-night bars or on the mean streets of Los Angeles, Chicago, or New York City. Dashiell Hammett introduced the new genre, and Sam Spade, in 1930 in his novel The Maltese Falcon. A few years later Raymond Chandler came along and perfected the type, with his detective, Philip Marlowe. Chandler introduced Marlowe in his first novel, The Big Sleep, and Philip Marlowe continued to solve crimes in six subsequent Chandler novels. Chandler had previously published a number of short stories featuring other detectives; however, Marlowe proved so popular that when the stories were later republished the author often switched the detectives to Philip Marlowe. Chandler's style was unique. His sparse style was full of wonderfully sharp similies and rich descriptive narration. Here's an example from The Little Sister:
"I put the duster away folded with the dust in it, leaned back and just sat, not smoking, not even thinking. I was a blank man. I had no face, no meaning, no personality, hardly a name. I didn't want to eat. I didn't even want a drink. I was the page from yesterday's calendar crumpled at the bottom of the waste basket."
And another from The High Window:
"Then he picked the glass up and tasted it and sighed again and shook his head sideways with a half smile; the way a man does when you give him a drink and he needs it very badly and it is just right and the first swallow is like a peek into a cleaner, sunnier, brighter world."
Marlowe was a more complex character than some of his hard boiled brethren. Sure he could handle a gun and take a beating. But, he was more than just a tough guy, he had gone to college, could play chess, and appreciated classical music. He also had his own strong ethical standards and turned down jobs that didn't measure up to those standards. By the late 1940's Marlowe had moved to the big screen, with Marlowe played by Dick Powell, Robert Mitchum, and Humphrey Bogart. One of those movies, Murder My Sweet, was responsible for Marlowe's first appearance on radio when it was presented on Lux Radio Theatre on June 11, 1945 starring Dick Powell and Clair Trevor. In April, 1947 the New York Times announced that the summer replacement for Bob Hope would be a new adventure-mystery series, The Adventures of Philip Marlowe. Airing on NBC at 10:00 p.m. on June 17th, the show starred Van Heflin with a script by Milton Geiger based on the stories of Raymond Chandler. Most radio shows had live audiences in the studio. The Philip Marlowe producers decided against the common practice because they thought audiences might detract from the show. However 19 of Los Angeles' top detectives were in the studio during the airing of the first show. No one knows what the detectives thought of the production, but according to the New York Times review, Van Heflin did well but struggled with an awkward script. The reviewer thought the show depended too much on straight narration at dramatic moments instead of action or dialog. "Leaving ones play in the wings, as they say on Broadway, always makes for disconcerting theatre, and this was painfully true in the case of The Adventures of Philip Marlowe." Raymond Chandler wasn't enthralled by the show either. In a letter to Earl Stanley Gardner, author of the Perry Mason novels, Mr. Chandler said "It was thoroughly flat." This initial run of Philip Marlowe went from June 17 to September 19, 1947, with Pepsodent as the sponsor. The announcer was Wendell Niles, music was by Lyn Murray, and the producer was Jim Fonda. After the summer run ended, NBC dropped the show. As far as we know, only four episodes of this series have survived. The character of Philip Marlowe was too good to stay off stage for long though. A year later CBS decided to take a chance on reviving the show. Norman Macdonnell was producer/director; Gene Levitt, Robert Mitchell, Mel Dinelli, and Kathleen Hite wrote the scripts; and Richard Aurandt was responsible for the music. CBS cast Gerald Mohr to star as Philip Marlowe, with Roy Rowan as announcer. Philip Marlowe, being a loner, was really the only regular character, but throughout the three years the series ran a long string of high-quality supporting Hollywood actors appeared on the show. Performing alongside Mohr at various times were Jeff Corey, Howard McNear, Parley Baer, Lawrence Dobkin, Virginia Gregg, Gloria Blondell, and Lou Krugman. The CBS production ran from September 26, 1948 to September 29, 1950 with an additional short summer run from July 7 to September 15, 1951. This revival of Philip Marlowe was more favorably received, probably because of a combination of writing and acting. No one could duplicate the writing of Raymond Chandler, but this group of writers was very good. While Chandler's distinctive similes were largely lacking, the strong dry, sarcastic narration was there, and the way Gerald Mohr delivered the lines had a way of making you forget that they weren't written by Chandler. Mr. Mohr seemed born for the part of the cynical detective. His voice and timing were perfect for the character. In a letter to Gene Levitt, one of the show's writers, Raymond Chandler commented that a voice like Gerald Mohr's at least packed personality; a decided an improvement over his opinion of the original show. By 1949 the show had the largest audience in radio. CBS capitalized on the popularity of Philip Marlowe to introduce a look-alike show a few months later, Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar. During the period both shows were broadcast, Johnny Dollar played second fiddle to the popular Philip Marlowe. Even after Marlowe went off the air in 1951, Dollar remained an average detective show. That was to end Oct 3, 1955 when Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar changed everything; the writers, the format to 15 minutes and the lead actor. The new 15 minute episodes staring Bob Bailey dominated detective/mystery drama from then until its last broadcast, September 30, 1962. That date and that broadcast are generally considered as the last of the radio drama broadcasts. Philip Marlowe continued to find limited success in the movies and television in America and England after his radio career ended. Several quality presentations of Chandler's character were produced by the BBC in the 1990's. But the death of Chandler's wife pulled him into severe depression and put an end any effective writing. His last unfinished book, Poodle Springs, was finished by Robert B. Parker, a good friend who tried to remain faithful to the Chandler style. Unfortunately, the critics did not agree. Philip Marlowe, the gritty, no nonsense American detective lived and vanished from the quill of a writer raised in Europe. He will remain a classic buried in the modern world of fighting crime with technology. From the Old Time Radio Researcher's Group. See "Note" Section below for more information on the OTRR. Information for this description came from John Dunning's On the Air, The Encyclopedia of Old Time Radio, Wikipedia, New York Times (April 27, 1947 and June 22, 1947), Fresno Bee (July 8, 1947) and thrillingdetective.com.

This recording is part of the Old Time Radio collection.

License

Chapters

Who Shot Waldo 24:04
The Red Wind 30:51
King in Yellow 29:50
Trouble Is My Business 29:13
The Red Wind 29:42
The Persian Slippers 29:45
The Panama Hat 28:52
Where There's a Will 29:29
The Heart of Gold 30:16
The Hard Way Out 29:16
The Old Acquaintance 29:35
The Restless Day 29:51
The Black Halo 29:36
The Orange Dog 29:34
The Easy Mark 29:13
The Long Rope 29:41
The Lonesome Reunion 28:51
Friend from Detroit 29:47
Grim Hunters 29:57
The Dancing Hands 29:46
The Green Flame 29:28
The Last Laugh 29:28
Name to Remember 29:24
The Heat Wave 29:49
Cloak of Kamehameha 29:54
Lady in Mink 29:55
Feminine Touch 30:02
The Promise to Pay 29:55
Night Tide 30:49
The Ebony Link 29:54
The Unfair Lady 30:03
The Pigeons Blood 29:51
The Busy Body 29:58
The Key Man 30:01
Dude from Manhattan 29:18
The Headless Peacock 29:49
The Mexican Boat Ride 29:21
The August Lion 29:58
The Indian Giver 30:15
The Lady Killer 29:51
The Eager Witness 29:59
The Bum's Rush 29:38
Rushton Hickory 29:36
The Baton Sinister 29:48
The Fatted Calf 29:50
The Tail of the Mermaid 30:13
The Open Window 29:48
The Strangle Hold 30:12
The Smokeout 28:11
The Green Witch 28:25
The Fine Italian Hand 29:35
The Birds on the Wing 29:21
The Kid on the Corner 29:19
The Little Wishbone 30:14
The House That Jacqueline Built 28:25
The Torch Carriers 30:35
The Covered Bridge 30:37
The Bid for Freedom 30:25
The Hairpin Turn 29:50
The Long Arm 29:55
The Grim Echo 29:53
The Ladies Night 29:46
The Big Step 30:08
The Monkey's Uncle 29:21
The Vital Statistic 29:21
The Deep Shadow 29:22
The Sword of Cebu 29:19
The Man on the Roof 29:22
The Anniversary Gift 29:21
The Angry Eagle 29:49
The High Collared Cape 29:59
The Sea Horse Jockey 30:02
The Hiding Place 30:07
Cloak of Kamehameha 29:42
The Fox's Tail 29:50
The Bedside Manners 29:47
The Uneasy Head 29:29
Face to Forget 29:23
Golden Cobra 30:00
The Pelican's Roost 29:20
The Girl from Pitchfork Corners 29:58
The Iron Coffin 29:49
The Last Wish 29:46
The Glass Donkey 29:59
The Parrot's Bed 25:17
The Quiet Magpie 29:47
The Dark Tunnel 29:47
The Collector's Item 29:47
The Soft Spot 29:18
The Fifth Mask 29:19
The Final Payment 29:27
The White Carnation 29:23
The Big Book 29:20
The Seaside Sabbatical 29:20
The Dear, Dead Days 29:16
Life Can Be Murder 28:44
Good Neighbor Policy 29:37
The Long Way Home 29:45
Young Man's Fancy 29:49
Heir for G-String (rehearsal) 25:16
Heir for G-String 29:14
Nether Nether Land (rehearsal) 27:32
Nether Nether Land 29:23
The Medium Was Rare 29:15
Sound and the Unsound 29:15

Reviews

Get This and Get it Straight

(5 stars)

And let me add that OTRR has done an admirable job on the sound quality in this set. They are things of beauty to listen to.

Philip Marlowe source for "Nick Danger"

(4 stars)

I grew up listening to The Firesign Theater. The hard-boiled detective Nick Danger was one of their stock characters. At last, I have had a chance to listen to the original archetype Philip Marlowe and to discover what a loving parody had been created. "The Iron Coffin" can be recognized as the starting point for Nick Danger's "Cut 'em Off at the Past". It's a strange experience to hear the parody first and then hear the original. Gerald Mohr is SO much better than Van Hefflin. I can almost hear Marlowe saying, "Take THAT, modern radio audience!" Because of the very dramatic use of dynamic range, I recommend against trying to listen to these in an automobile. When Marlowe whispers to himself while crouched in the dark with his gun in his hand, you won't be able to understand what he is saying.

Red Wind!

(3 stars)

movies, which are based on the novels — in the Lux Radio Theatre, including THE LADY IN THE LAKE and MURDER, MY SWEET (based on _Farewell, My Lovely_). PEARLS ARE A NUISANCE is another Chandler short story, not originally about Marlowe, but easy enough to change. THE KING IN YELLOW and TROUBLE IS MY BUSINESS are also short stories. WHO SHOT WALDO is also actually RED WIND under another title. The movie DOUBLE INDEMNITY was scripted by Chandler, but it's hard to say without checking how much of his work stayed in the Lux version.

Red WInd

(5 stars)

"There was a rough desert wind blowing into Los Angeles that evening. It was one of those hot, dry Santa Anna winds that comes down out of the mountain passes...On nights like that, every booze party ends in a fight, and meek little housewives finger the edge of a carving knife and study their husband's necks. Anything can happen when the Santa Anna blows in from the desert. Yowza!! Maybe the best episode of the series, and a fine example of noir writing.

SO LONG KAESONG

(5 stars)

girls tonight's broadcast concludes our current series of The Adventures of Philip Marlowe, I understand it won't be very long before we meet again so until we do we won't say goodbye just so long see ya soon" We never did see him again but thanks to archive.org these poignant moments when reel2reel stories collide with real history play back forever and ever in these Theatres of the Mind.

Wonderful series

(5 stars)

This is one of the best-written of all radio crime dramas. If I close my eyes, I can see these stories playing in a smokey movie theatre sixty years ago. Really a pleasure to go through them night after night - I'm on my second go-through now. Note: Shows 1,2, and 5 are all the same.

(5 stars)

thank you so much for all of your hard work on this and others, I must say that this is one of the best, I hope to find more like it, I have so enjoyed these old airings I wish we still had radio like this great stuff,and very well spent time

Gerald Mohr Excellent As "Philip Marlowe"

(5 stars)

This is a radio detective series not to be missed. Gerald Mohr has an excellent voice and delivery as detective "Philip Marlowe." The story lines are varied and interesting, but it is Gerald Mohr who dominates the program, bringing it to a high level of perfection.