The Morals (Moralia), Book 2


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The Moralia (loosely translatable as "Matters relating to customs") of the 1st-century Greek scholar Plutarch of Chaeronea is an eclectic collection of 78 essays and transcribed speeches. They give an insight into Roman and Greek life, but often are also fascinating timeless observations in their own right. Many generations of Europeans have read or imitated them, including Montaigne and the Renaissance Humanists and Enlightenment philosophers. The Moralia include "On the Fortune or the Virtue of Alexander the Great" — an important adjunct to his Life of the great general — "On the Worship of Isis and Osiris" (a crucial source of information on Egyptian religious rites), and "On the Malice of Herodotus" (which may, like the orations on Alexander's accomplishments, have been a rhetorical exercise), in which Plutarch criticizes what he sees as systematic bias in the Father of History's work; along with more philosophical treatises, such as "On the Decline of the Oracles", "On the Delays of the Divine Vengeance", "On Peace of Mind" and lighter fare, such as "Odysseus and Gryllus", a humorous dialog between Homer's Odysseus and one of Circe's enchanted pigs. The Moralia were composed first, while writing the Lives occupied much of the last two decades of Plutarch's own life. Some editions of the Moralia include several works now known to be pseudepigrapha: among these are the "Lives of the Ten Orators" (biographies of the Ten Orators of ancient Athens, based on Caecilius of Calacte), "The Doctrines of the Philosophers", and "On Music". One "pseudo-Plutarch" is held responsible for all of these works, though their authorship is of course unknown. Though the thoughts and opinions recorded are not Plutarch's and come from a slightly later era, they are all classical in origin and have value to the historian. The book is also famously the first reference to the problem of the chicken and the egg. (Summary adapted from the Wikipedia) (18 hr 3 min)

Chapters

The Banquet of the Seven Wise Men, part 1 33:53 Read by Alan Brown
The Banquet of the Seven Wise Men, part 2 31:10 Read by Elena Pol
The Banquet of the Seven Wise Men, part 3 20:47 Read by KHand
How a Young Man Ought to Hear Poems, part 1 31:12 Read by KHand
How a Young Man Ought to Hear Poems, part 2 24:37 Read by KHand
How a Young Man Ought to Hear Poems, part 3 24:34 Read by Lynne T
How a Young Man Ought to Hear Poems, part 4 21:52 Read by Ann Boulais
Of Envy and Hatred 10:26 Read by Arnie Horton
How to Know a Flatterer From a Friend, part 1 25:35 Read by Anna Simon
How to Know a Flatterer From a Friend, part 2 27:27 Read by Anna Simon
How to Know a Flatterer From a Friend, part 3 33:48 Read by MorganScorpion
How to Know a Flatterer From a Friend, part 4 32:45 Read by MorganScorpion
That It Is Not Possible to Live Pleasurably According to the Doctrine of Epicur… 31:37 Read by Cameron Davis
That It Is Not Possible to Live Pleasurably According to the Doctrine of Epicur… 34:13 Read by Ann Boulais
That It Is Not Possible to Live Pleasurably According to the Doctrine of Epicur… 33:35 Read by Ann Boulais
Roman Questions, part 1 32:24 Read by Ann Boulais
Roman Questions, part 2 33:30 Read by Ann Boulais
Roman Questions, part 3 32:19 Read by Ann Boulais
Roman Questions, part 4 34:29 Read by Ann Boulais
Greek Questions, part 1 33:49 Read by MorganScorpion
Greek Questions, part 2 32:15 Read by MorganScorpion
Of the Love of Wealth 25:38 Read by MorganScorpion
How a Man May Inoffensively Praise Himself Without Being Liable to Envy 34:06 Read by Josh Kirsh
Concerning the Procreation of the Soul As Discoursed In Timaeus, part 1 26:36 Read by MorganScorpion
Concerning the Procreation of the Soul As Discoursed In Timaeus, part 2 33:13 Read by Anna Simon
Concerning the Procreation of the Soul As Discoursed In Timaeus, part 3 40:44 Read by Jairus Amar
That a Philosopher Ought Chiefly to Converse With Great Men 22:32 Read by Larry Wilson
A Discourse Concerning Socrates's Daemon, part 1 30:42 Read by Simon Brouwer
A Discourse Concerning Socrates's Daemon, part 2 32:53 Read by Simon Brouwer
A Discourse Concerning Socrates's Daemon, part 3 33:50 Read by Simon Brouwer
Of Curiosity, Or an Over-busy Inquisitiveness Into Things Impertinent, part 1 18:39 Read by Andrea Curry
Of Curiosity, Or an Over-busy Inquisitiveness Into Things Impertinent, part 2 25:35 Read by Ann Boulais
How a Man May Be Sensible of His Progress In Virtue, part 1 37:10 Read by Luke Sartor
How a Man May Be Sensible of His Progress In Virtue, part 2 34:08 Read by Luke Sartor
Of Fortune 14:43 Read by Luke Sartor
Of Virtue and Vice 7:55 Read by Luke Sartor
Conjugal Precepts, part 1 23:27 Read by Larry Wilson
Conjugal Precepts, part 2 25:08 Read by Larry Wilson